Circular economy – what is it?

Circular economy

Sharing, leasing, renting out, repairing, refurbishing, and recycling is part of this economy’s production and consumption paradigm. The lifespan of products was extended in this way. In practice, this means minimising waste. When a product has reached its decline stage, every effort is made to recycle the materials into new products. These can be used again and again, increasing their value. 

Markets encourage consumers to repurpose things rather than throw them away and dig up new resources in a circular economy. All garbage, including clothing, scrap metal, and obsolete gadgets, is recycled or used in such an economy. As a result, the environment may be protected while new industries are developed, jobs are created, and new competencies are honed.

Take-make-consume-throw-away economics is no longer the norm. Many cheap and easily accessible resources and energy are required in this paradigm. It is part of this model when a product is created to have a short lifespan to entice people to repurchase it. 

Is there a reason why you need this economy now? 

The cost of raw materials is increasing as the world’s population grows. However, there is a shortage of necessary natural resources. 

Because of the limited supply, some EU countries must purchase their raw materials from outside the EU. 

Raw material extraction and use also have a significant environmental impact. In addition, it raises the amount of energy used and the amount of CO2 emitted. However, using raw resources more efficiently can reduce CO2 emissions. 

What are the advantages? 

Saving money and lowering greenhouse gas emissions are possible outcomes of waste prevention, ecodesign, and recycling in the EU. Currently, 45 per cent of the world’s CO2 emissions come from the manufacture of everyday commodities. 

As a result, customers can expect more long-lasting and creative products, resulting in better overall value. 

Principles: Resources and Energy are the real gold. 

A circular market model aims to eliminate waste at its heart. An economy is founded on the premise there is no waste. Suitable quality materials can be utilised, and the goods are built to last to be disassembled and reused, making it easy to convert or renew them. 

Circular economy models are distinguished from traditional waste disposal and recycling because of their short product life cycles, in which vast volumes of embodied carbon and labour are lost. Managing finite stocks and renewable resource flows are the ultimate goals of sustaining and increasing natural capital. 

Following Nature’s Cycles And Patterns As A Guide To The Economy 

Biological and technical cycles are distinguished in this economic model. Biodegradation and composting are the sole means of recycling materials from living organisms (such as food, linen, and cork) back into the ecosystem. 

These cycles restore biological systems, including soil or the seas, which supply renewable energy sources for the business. Products (such as washing machines) can be repaired or remanufactured, or materials (such as limestone) can be recycled in the technological cycle. 

Ultimately, the circular economy aims to maximise resource yields by rotating products and materials in use at a high utility at all times, both in biological and technical cycles. 

´╗┐The Circular Economy’s Core Principles: Embrace Renewable Energy Sources 

Because renewable energy is necessary to power this cycle, it is the final tenet of recycling and reuse that must come from an independent source. When it comes to improving the effectiveness of systems, this principle is all about finding and eliminating negative externalities.